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    ANAT & PHYSGENERAL BIOCELL BIOMICRO 8wkMICRO 15wkINSTRUCTORS



    Organic Chemistry: What Is a Lipid Molecule? 
    SPO VIRTUAL CLASSROOMS
    How polar phospholipids spontaneously arrange in liquid.



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     1. ​
    Phospholipids
    Phospholipids have a hydrophobic, “water hating,” hydrocarbon tails and hydrophilic, "water loving" phosphate groups on the end, so they are soluble in both water and oil.

    Our cell membranes are made mostly of phospholipids arranged in a double layer with the tails from both layers facing inward and the heads facing outward, called the lipid bilayer.

    Waxes
    These lipids are esters of alcohol, insoluble in water and difficult to hydrolyze, or break down. 

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    Triglyceride Molecule
    CLASS NOTES 
    from the free STEM 
    education site 
    End of Article
    Lipids: Fats
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    Steroids
    Cholesterol is a type of steroid, with a central core consisting of four fused rings, a characteristic shared by all steroids. Our bodies make about 2g of cholesterol per day, about 85% of blood cholesterol, while only about 15% comes from dietary sources.

    Wax forms protective and waterproof layers on some plants, bacteria, animal fur and integuments of insects.

     animated interactive tutorial from Wisc-Online.com.
    •  animated tutorial and quiz from WH Freeman.
    •  from WH Freeman.
    •  animated tutorial from John Kyrk.


    Cholesterol is precursor to sex hormones, such as testosterone and progesterone, and Vitamin D. Our cell membranes contain a lot of cholesterol which helps to keep the membrane flexible and fluid even when our cells are exposed to cooler temperatures.
    Testosterone
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